File Name: basic concept of disaster and disaster risk .zip
- Disaster Risk Management
- Basic Concept of Disaster and Disaster Risk
- CHAPTER 9:CONCEPT OF DISASTER RISK REDUCTION AND MANAGEMENT
Disaster Risk Management
Disaster risk is expressed as the likelihood of loss of life, injury or destruction and damage from a disaster in a given period of time. The definition of disaster risk reflects the concept of hazardous events and disasters as the outcome of continuously present conditions of risk. Disaster risk is widely recognized as the consequence of the interaction between a hazard and the characteristics that make people and places vulnerable and exposed. Disasters are sometimes considered external shocks, but disaster risk results from the complex interaction between development processes that generate conditions of exposure, vulnerability and hazard. Disaster risk is therefore considered as the combination of the severity and frequency of a hazard, the numbers of people and assets exposed to the hazard, and their vulnerability to damage. Intensive risk is disaster risk associated with low-probability, high-impact events, whereas extensive risk is associated with high-probability, low-impact events. There is no such thing as a natural disaster, but disasters often follow natural hazards.
The goal of this publication is to develop a more robust understanding of ecosystem-based approaches to disaster risk reduction DRR and climate change adaptation CCA in the European context, including the economic rationale, tools and practices, while contributing to the growing literature on this subject. The study targets not only policy-makers, but also land use planners seeking long term solutions to CCA and disaster risk managers seeking immediate and medium term solutions for reducing disaster losses. It also serves as a challenge to the environmental community to fine-tune existing tools and instruments so they can add value by reducing vulnerability to hazard impacts. About us Disclaimer Copyright Sitemap. Login user name Forgotten password? Ecosystem approach to disaster risk reduction: basic concepts and recommendations to governments, with a special focus on Europe.
In other words, a disaster reflects the nature, intensity and magnitude of one or more hazards and the vulnerability of the affected people to these hazards. This risk is a function of: the nature, probability and intensity of hazards; the vulnerability of the people to these hazards; and, inversely, of their capacities to withstand or cope with these hazards:. Skip to content. Who is it for? Protocols, Guidelines and Tools. Be Prepared.
Basic Concept of Disaster and Disaster Risk
It aims to reduce socio-economic vulnerabilities to disaster as well as dealing with the environmental and other hazards that trigger them. Here it has been strongly influenced by the mass of research on vulnerability that has appeared in print since the mids. It should be an integral part of the way such organizations do their work, not an add-on or one-off action. There is potential for DRR initiatives in just about every sector of development and humanitarian work. There are steps that we can do to ensure reduction of risks.
Though often caused by nature, disasters can have human origins. The combination of hazards, vulnerability and inability to reduce the potential negative consequences of risk results in disaster. The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies is the world's largest humanitarian network and is guided by seven Fundamental Principles: Humanity, impartiality, neutrality, independence, voluntary service, universality and unity. What is a disaster? About the IFRC. For staff. For journalists.
Disaster Risk Reduction DRR is a systematic approach to identifying, assessing, and reducing risks of disasters before they occur. The majority of disaster deaths occur during impact, yet historically efforts have focused on response. Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link. Center for Preparedness and Response. Section Navigation. Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Syndicate.
CHAPTER 9:CONCEPT OF DISASTER RISK REDUCTION AND MANAGEMENT
How a hazard becomes a disaster? Disaster risk refers to the expectation value of deaths, injuries, and property losses that would be caused by a hazard. Impacts of Disasters. Loss of life Loss of livelihoods Damage to property Destruction of infrastructure Damage to the environment Financial loss Diversion of resources Epidemics Migration Displaced people or refugees Food shortages Insecurity.
By Raheem A. Usman, F. Olorunfemi, G. Awotayo, A. Tunde and B.
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