Analysis And Design Of Analog Integrated Circuits Wiley 2001 Gray Pdf

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Analysis and Design of Analog Integrated Circuits

Cover courtesy of Dr. Kenneth C. Dyer and Melgar Photography. The cover was printed by Lehigh Press, Inc. This book was printed on acid-free paper. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning or otherwise, except as permitted under Sections or of the United States Copyright Act, without either the prior written permission of the Publisher, or authorization through payment of the appropriate per-copy fee to the Copyright Clearance Center, Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA , , fax ISBN cloth: alk.

Linear integrated circuits-Computer-aided design. Metal oxide semiconductors-Computer-aided design. Bipolar transistors-Computer-aided design. Gray, Paul R.

A PrefaceIn the 23 years since the publication of the first edition of this book, the field df analog integrated circuits has developed and matured. The initial groundwork was laid in bipolar technology, followed by a rapid evolution of MOS analog integrated circuits. A key issue is that CMOS technologies have become dominant in building digital circuits because CMOS digital circuits are smaller and dissipate less power than their bipolar counterparts.

To reduce system cost and power dissipation, analog and digital circuits are now often integrated together, providing a strong economic incentive to use CMOS-compatible analog circuits.

Although somewhat more expensive to fabricate, BiCMOS allows the designer to use both bipolar and MOS devices to their best advantage, and also allows innovative combinations of the characteristics of both devices. In addition, BiCMOS can reduce the design time by allowing direct use of many existing cells in realizing a given analog circuit function. On the other hand, the main advantage of pure CMOS is that it offers the lowest overall cost.

Twenty years ago, CMOS technologies were only fast enough to support applications at audio frequencies. However, the continuing reduction of the minimum feature size in integrated-circuit IC technologies has greatly increased the maximum operating frequencies, and CMOS technologies have become fast enough for many new applications as a result. For example, the required bandwidth in video applications is about 4 MHz, requiring bipolar technologies as recently as 15 years ago.

Now, however, CMOS can easily accommodate the required bandwidth for video and is even being used for radio-frequency applications. We have written this edition so that instructors can easily select topics related to only CMOS circuits, only bipolar circuits, or a combination of both. We believe that it has become increasingly important for the analog circuit designer to have a thorough appreciation of the similarities and differences between MOS and bipolar devices, and to be able to design with either one where this is appropriate.

Since the SPICE computer analysis program is now readily available to virtually all electrical engineering students and professionals, we have included extensive use of , SPICE in this edition, particularly as an integral part of many problems. We have used computer analysis as it is most commonly employed in the engineering design processboth as a more accurate check on hand calculations, and also as a tool to examine complex circuit behavior beyond the scope of hand analysis.

In the problem sets, we have also included a number of open-ended design problems to expose the reader to real-world situations where a whole range of circuit solutions may be found to satisfy a given performance specification.

This book is intended to be useful both as a text for students and as a reference book for practicing engineers. For class use, each chapter includes many worked problems; the problem sets at the end of each chapter illustrate the practical applications of the material in the text. All the authors have had extensive industrial experience in IC design as well. Although this book is concerned largely with the analysis and design of ICs, a considerable amount of material is also included on applications.

In practice, these two subjects are closely linked, and a knowledge of both is essential for designers and users of ICs. The latter compose the larger group by far, and we believe that a working knowledge of IC design is a great advantage to an IC user. This is particularly apparent when the user mdst choose from among a number of competing designs to satisfy a particular need.

An understanding of the IC structure is then useful in evaluating the relative desirability of the different designs under extremes of environment or in the presence of variations in supply voltage.

In addition, the IC user is in a much better position to interpret a manufacturer's data if he or she has a working knowledge of the internal operation of the integrated circuit.

The contents of this book stem largely from courses on analog integrated circuits given at the University of California at the Berkeley and Davis campuses. The courses are undergraduate electives and first-year graduate courses. The book is structured so that it can be used as the basic text for a sequence of such courses.

The more advanced material is found at the end of each chapter or in an appendix so that a first course in analog integrated circuits can omit this material without loss of continuity. An outline of each chapter is given below together with suggestions for material to be covered in such a first course. It is assumed that the course consists of three hours of lecture per week over a week semester and that the students have a working knowledge of Laplace transforms and frequency-domain circuit analysis.

It is also assumed that the students have had an introductory course in electronics so that they are familiar with the principles of transistor operation and with the functioning of simple analog circuits. Unless otherwise stated, each chapter requires three to four lecture hours to cover. Chapter 1 contains a summary of bipolar transistor and MOS transistor device physics. We suggest spending one week on selected topics from this chapter, the choice of topics depending on the background of the students.

The material of Chapters 1 and 2 is quite important in IC design because there is significant interaction between circuit and device design, as will be seen in later chapters. A thorough understanding of the influence of device fabrication on device characteristics is essential.

Chapter 2 is concerned with the technology of IC fabrication and is largely descriptive. One lecture on this material should suffice if the students are assigned to read the chapter. Chapter 3 deals with the characteristics of elementary transistor connections. The material on one-transistor amplifiers should be a review for students at the senior and graduate levels and can be assigned as reading.

The section on two-transistor amplifiers can be covered in about three hours, with greatest emphasis on differential pairs. The material on device mismatch effects in differential amplifiers can be covered to the extent that time allows. In Chapter 4, the important topics of current mirrors and active loads are considered. These configurations are basic building blocks in modern analog IC design, and this material should be covered in full, with the exception of the material on band-gap references and the material in the appendices.

Chapter 5 is concerned with output stages and methods of delivering output power to a load. Integrated-circuit realizations of Class A, Class B, and Class AB output stages are described, as well as methods of output-stage protection.

A selection of topics from this chapter should be covered. Chapter 6 deals with the design of operational. Log in Get Started. Analysis and Design of Analog Integrated Circuits. If you can't read please download the document. TAGS: bipolar circuits cmos circuits cmos digital circuits bipolar technologies cmos technologies bipolar technology bipolar devices cmos devices. Download for free Report this document.

Embed Size px x x x x All the authors have had extensive industrial experience in IC design as well viii Preface as in the teaching of courses on this subject, and this experience is reflected in the choice of text material and in the problem sets.

Analysis and Design of Analog Integrated Circuits [4th ed]9780471321682, 0471321680

This paper deals with well-defined designcriteria for two-stage CMOS transconductance operational amplifiers. A novel and simple designprocedure is presented, which allows electricalparameters to be univocally related to the value ofeach circuit element and biasing value. Unlikeprevious methods, the proposed one is suited for apencil-and-paper design and yields accurateperformance optimization without introducingunnecessary circuit constraints. Bandwidthoptimization strategies are also discussed. SPICE simulations based on the proposed procedures aregiven which closely agree the expected results. This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Design Procedure for Two-Stage CMOS Transconductance Operational Amplifiers: A Tutorial

Stine, the classic approach to cutting edge analysis and design in this fourth edition of analysis and design of analog integrated circuits paul gray and robert meyer have teamed up with two new coauthors paul hurst and stephen lewis to provide a Solutions to all end-of-chapter problems for Gray et al. The solution sets are handwritten, not typeset which was unexpected , so no OCR. Theyre clear and readable, but not terribly elaborate, written as a course teaching fellow might do.

Analysis and Design of Analog Integrated Circuits

Search This Blog. Common source stage, Source follower, Common gate stage, Cascode stage, Single ended and differential operation, Basic differential pair, Differential pair with MOS loads. Miller effect ,Association of poles with nodes, frequency response of common source stage, Source followers, Common gate stage, Cascode stage, Differential pair, Statistical characteristics of noise, noise in single stage amplifiers, noise in differential amplifiers.

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Analysis and Design of Analog Integrated Circuits

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