Population And Sustainable Development Pdf

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Sustainable development is the organizing principle for meeting human development goals while simultaneously sustaining the ability of natural systems to provide the natural resources and ecosystem services on which the economy and society depend. The desired result is a state of society where living conditions and resources are used to continue to meet human needs without undermining the integrity and stability of the natural system.

Population and the Sustainable Development Goals

As things stand, most of them are likely to be missed. This is partly because they fail to address human population growth. Positive, empowering population solutions are key to meeting the SDGs.

Read on to learn about the links between population and each of the 17 goals. Addressing population will help us achieve the better lives for everyone envisaged by the UN.

Download our full report on population and the Sustainable Development Goals. High fertility rates can trap countries in poverty. The World Bank has warned that extreme poverty will not decrease in due to population growth eclipsing economic growth in the poorest nations. Large family size and poverty often go hand-in-hand. People living in deprived areas are usually not empowered to choose the number of children they have and in some cases feel the need to have many so they can be provided for in their old age.

When people are poor and have many children, they cannot invest enough in each child which often leads to kids not being able to attend school and girls getting married off as child brides. Women are also less able to gain financial independence when they have many children to look after at home.

Ensuring everyone is empowered to choose small families is key to eradicating poverty. Feeding the world without destroying more nature will become increasingly difficult and eventually impossible under sustained population growth. Agriculture is already a leading cause of environmental degradation and further conversion of land for farming purposes will have devastating consequences for biodiversity and our climate. A landmark report by the EAT-Lancet Commission states "Healthy diets from sustainable food systems are possible for up to 10 billion people but become increasingly unlikely past this population threshold.

When population growth exceeds development progress, past achievements are quickly undone - the number of people suffering from hunger has increased again over the past three years. Experts have warned that vulnerable areas like the Sahel face catastrophe unless action is taken to reduce fertility rates. Insufficient funding for healthcare systems can cause them to buckle under the pressure of growing populations.

Lack of access to quality reproductive healthcare including modern contraception and medically safe abortion leads to high unwanted pregnancy rates and preventable maternal deaths. Worldwide, still almost half of all pregnancies are unintended and more than women die from pregnancy-related complications every day.

Because of population growth, the absolute number of women with an unmet need for contraception is still increasing.

Very high population densities facilitate disease transmission and hurt public health, especially in areas where health services are already overburdened. Investing in quality health care for all, including easy access to family planning, helps slow population growth and improves lives. Greater investment in quality education is key to alleviating poverty and ending population growth. Generally, the more years a woman spends in education, the smaller her family size. When women are able to delay childbirth and have fewer children, this also empowers them to pursue educational opportunities, such as advanced degrees, which would be difficult or impossible with many dependents.

Empowering women and girls to take control of their bodies and lives is crucial for solving our biggest social and environmental crises. Gender inequality is one of the main drivers of high fertility rates. Not a single country has yet achieved full equality, and the worst gender-based injustices and crimes continue to be common and widespread. According to the UN, ending gender-based violence, harmful practices including child marriage and FGM , preventable maternal deaths, and unmet family planning needs is affordable and within reach, but still suffers from a severe funding shortage.

In the meantime, the number of women and girls subjected to harmful practices is increasing due to slow progress and population growth.

The combination of climate change and population growth is fuelling a global water crisis. As our numbers grow, aquifers get overdrawn, pollution increases, and the capacity to safely dispose of wastewater is increasingly compromised.

Currently, a staggering 2. In the UK, overexploitation and drought could lead to severe water shortages by mid-century. The UK population is expected to reach 73 million by , with the fastest growth occurring in areas that are already the most water-stressed. Experts estimate that by , 5 billion people — more than half the global population — will live in waterstressed regions. The number of people using dirty fuels is still increasing due to population growth and slow progress in rolling out renewable energy.

High-income countries must lead the way in transitioning to clean fuels and support low-income countries to do the same. Ending population growth will make a global switch to affordable and clean energy a lot more achievable.

A high number of young dependents makes economic prosperity almost impossible and is also a recipe for social unrest. As a country we have made tremendous gains over the years but the impact is not reflected on our economy because the gains have been dissipated by population growth.

In high-income nations, the pursuit of economic growth is in direct conflict with other SDGs, in particular in regard to environmental impact. Infinite economic and population growth can never be sustainable on a finite planet.

As a global community, we must strive towards a healthy environment and well-being for all, not endless growth. The larger the population, the harder it is to provide access to modern infrastructure and technologies to everyone, and the more nature we will destroy in the process. Conversion of land to human infrastructure is a key driver of biodiversity loss , and construction is a major source of greenhouse gases.

The expansion of roads in South Asia, for example, is increasingly threatening the survival of tigers. In the UK, the controversial HS2 rail network is thought to threaten more than 30 ancient woodlands. Vast disparities exist between the rich world and the Global South, and within countries themselves. A more just global system, in which resources are distributed more equitably, is essential. Whilst we must limit the number of new consumers everywhere, choosing a small family is particularly impactful among the wealthiest of us.

More than half the world's population lives in urban areas today. Rapid urban population growth can outstrip the pace at which infrastructure such as clean water, sanitation, health, jobs and education can be offered.

According to WWF , one of the main causes of habitat loss is land for human habitation with urban areas doubling since Access to green spaces is important for physical and mental health, but natural and semi-natural areas are increasingly falling victim to housing demands. In the UK, population growth is expected to lead to a 7. The number of people living in slums has grown: from an estimated million in , to over 1 billion in Responsible consumption and production of food and goods must go hand-in-hand with measures to end our population growth.

We are already using resources 1. Unsustainable consumption patterns in high-income countries are largely responsible for the climate crisis but every additional person on our planet adds more emissions. A comprehensive review of available climate solutions by Project Drawdown found that slowing population growth through the combination of educating girls and providing family planning would be one of the most powerful ways to reduce atmospheric CO2 by Pollution plastic and runoff , overfishing, coral bleaching, and coastal ecosystem destruction are all exacerbated by population growth.

Two-thirds of marine areas have been damaged by human activity and a third of sharks and rays and a third of reef corals are threatened with extinction. Tackling the loss of life under water has to include a commitment to reducing population growth and runaway consumption. Family planning, women's education and empowerment together can also enable more women to participate in marine resources management; enhance food security and mitigate the impacts of climate change.

Human population growth is one of the main causes of biodiversity loss. During that time, our population has more than doubled. In the absence of prosperity and strong institutions, population growth contributes to conflicts related to scarce resources. Educating and empowering women and communities, including ensuring access to voluntary family planning services, can help support peace and stability goals by increasing the foundation for stability. And where families can choose the number and timing of their children, women may have more opportunity to take part in civil society and peacebuilding.

Cross-sectoral partnerships that recognise the crucial links between social and environmental issues are key to a better future. COVID has presented unprecedented challenges, reversing decades of development and causing a deep global recession. Never has there been a more critical time for strengthening partnerships and securing the next ten years of collaboration for sustainable development. The international community must foster recognition of the urgent need to end human population growth as soon as is ethically possible, and promote greater investment in empowering solutions.

Join us for a live panel discussion on the link between population and the UN Sustainable Development Goals. Read more. A new report by a group of Australian researchers identifies the ten most catastrophic threats to human survival, including overpopulation, climate change, biodiversity loss, and pandemics, and calls for urgent global action. Skip to main content. Embedded video.

Goal 1: No Poverty High fertility rates can trap countries in poverty. Goal 2: Zero Hunger Feeding the world without destroying more nature will become increasingly difficult and eventually impossible under sustained population growth.

Goal 3: Good Health and Well-being Insufficient funding for healthcare systems can cause them to buckle under the pressure of growing populations. Goal 4: Quality Education Greater investment in quality education is key to alleviating poverty and ending population growth. Goal 5: Gender Equality Empowering women and girls to take control of their bodies and lives is crucial for solving our biggest social and environmental crises. Goal 6: Clean Water and Sanitation The combination of climate change and population growth is fuelling a global water crisis.

Goal 7: Affordable and Clean Energy The number of people using dirty fuels is still increasing due to population growth and slow progress in rolling out renewable energy. Goal 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth A high number of young dependents makes economic prosperity almost impossible and is also a recipe for social unrest.

Goal 9: Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure The larger the population, the harder it is to provide access to modern infrastructure and technologies to everyone, and the more nature we will destroy in the process.

Goal Reduced Inequalities Vast disparities exist between the rich world and the Global South, and within countries themselves. Goal Sustainable Cities and Communities More than half the world's population lives in urban areas today. Goal Climate Action Unsustainable consumption patterns in high-income countries are largely responsible for the climate crisis but every additional person on our planet adds more emissions.

Goal Life Below Water Pollution plastic and runoff , overfishing, coral bleaching, and coastal ecosystem destruction are all exacerbated by population growth. Goal Life on Land Human population growth is one of the main causes of biodiversity loss.

Goal Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions In the absence of prosperity and strong institutions, population growth contributes to conflicts related to scarce resources.

Goal Partnerships for the Goals Cross-sectoral partnerships that recognise the crucial links between social and environmental issues are key to a better future. Related pages. Report: overpopulation one of ten greatest threats to humanity A new report by a group of Australian researchers identifies the ten most catastrophic threats to human survival, including overpopulation, climate change, biodiversity loss, and pandemics, and calls for urgent global action.

Population and Sustainable Development in India

As things stand, most of them are likely to be missed. This is partly because they fail to address human population growth. Positive, empowering population solutions are key to meeting the SDGs. Read on to learn about the links between population and each of the 17 goals. Addressing population will help us achieve the better lives for everyone envisaged by the UN. Download our full report on population and the Sustainable Development Goals.


PDF | The purpose of this study is to analyze the impact of population growth on sustainable development. The population growth rate has a.


Population and Sustainable Development in India

It seems that you're in Germany. We have a dedicated site for Germany. This book takes the reader into some of the most intransigent social, economic, and political issues that impact achieving sustainable development in Asia and the Pacific.

Population and the Sustainable Development Goals

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It seems that you're in Germany. We have a dedicated site for Germany. This book addresses central issues related to population and sustainable development in India, the second most populous country in the world.

It seems that you're in Germany. We have a dedicated site for Germany. This book takes the reader into some of the most intransigent social, economic, and political issues that impact achieving sustainable development in Asia and the Pacific.

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