File Name: examples of classroom skills and abilities used in an internship experience .zip
- How to develop the 8 key skills you need to work in Education
- How to develop the 8 key skills you need to work in Education
- Writing the Cover Letter
- How to Write an Internship Report (With Examples)
By Peter Ballagh.
How to develop the 8 key skills you need to work in Education
Metrics details. This study aims to evaluate the impact of internship programs on the professional as well as on personal development and skills of business students in Pakistan. The data of the study consisted of undergraduating business students of 4-year degree programs from 15 universities of Pakistan.
The study used structured questionnaire 35 close-ended questions assessed using 5-point Likert scale comprised of six parts: Part I: Demographic information, Part II: Reasons for participation in internship, and Part III to VI: Assessment of information related to professional and personal growth and skills. The study employed descriptive analysis to evaluate demographic information and central tendencies of the responses. Furthermore, scale measurement analysis is used to check distribution normality of study data and reliability of the questionnaire.
The results of the study depict the impact of internship programs on the professional and personal growth and skills of the business students of Pakistan. The change of life stages from a student to a professional is not always very simple. Students have to face many challenges when they enter into professional life. They have to adjust themselves according to the professional environment by implementing their conceptual knowledge in the new world of work.
Usually, business students use their skills and theoretical business knowledge in their first jobs [ 2 , 44 ]. By integrating conceptual knowledge and training through academic internship programs, students can be facilitated to better implement their concepts at the workplace [ 62 ]. According to Gault et al. These internship programs not only improve students personal skills but also polish their professional growth and experience. Today, educational institutes, students and business recruiters are well aware of the importance of internship programs [ 28 , 1 , 11 , 30 , 40 ].
Internship programs are the opportunities for educational institutes to upgrade the students enrollment and prepare their curriculum [ 9 , 18 , 32 ]. For students, internships are experience of practical work [ 50 ].
As companies prefer those business graduates who have required skills and practical knowledge [ 42 ], internships supply valuable employees and competent job applicants to the companies [ 15 ]. Now the questions that come into the minds regarding internships are: Why internships are important? The answer to every question related to internship programs is that they are short-term workplace practical experience which provide opportunities to the students to enter the job market during and after their undergraduation course programs [ 47 ].
Internships are excellent source of practical experience [ 19 , 20 , 22 , 33 , 51 ], learning team work [ 53 ], for polishing resumes [ 63 ], for building personal and professional relationships and for earning real money [ 16 ]. Oehlert et al. But what is the exact value of an internship program for business students, educational institutes and employers? Unfortunately, to answer this question not much quantitative or qualitative literature work is available.
We are living in the earlier stage of twenty-first century in a global world. In under developing countries like Pakistan, education system is still in improvement process. Here, although teachers are facilitated, they are not directed to enhance practical knowledge of their students with conceptual knowledge during a course program.
Inappropriate teaching methodology may be one of the reasons due to which students find it difficult to implement conceptual knowledge in solving their daily lives problems. This problem can be solved with the help of internship programs. In Pakistan, it is supposed the internship programs would be beneficial and helpful to improve the performance of the faculty members and to enhance the workplace experience of the students during the course work of their degrees.
The main purpose of this study is to determine how much internship programs are beneficial for the undergraduating business students for their future career development, professional and personal growth. This study also aims to evaluate the impact of internship programs on the improvement of the professional and personal skills of business students of Pakistan after the completion of their internship period.
The following objectives are set by the study in order to reach and achieve the purpose of the study:. To determine the background and rationale of engagement of business students in internship programs. To determine the impact of internship programs on professional as well as personal growth and skills of the undergraduating business students.
A large number of educational institutes are coming to the opinion that internship programs are an excellent source for career and professional preparation of the students. They provide work-related experience to the students. On the other hand, they make it easy for the companies to select flexible, experienced and highly qualified job applicants. So internship programs are rewarding to the students, educational institutes and employers [ 29 , 52 , 59 ]. This is the era of innovations and technological development and expansion.
So it is necessary to grow such capabilities in the students that will assist them to deal with the modern world of work [ 25 ]. For this, there is a need to reform the educational system of Pakistan by improving teaching methods, curriculum development, involving more research and providing practical training to the students. Internship programs create a link between classroom concepts and real workplace experience. Students are the future of any country.
It is the requirement of the time that if Pakistan wants to be a developed country, it should focus more on the practical training of the business students so that they can outperform in the real world of progress. This detailed examination of internship programs is the prior research within Pakistan to evaluate the impact of internship on career preparation of the business students as well as on their professional and personal growth. This study is important because it supplies valuable recommendations to the companies, educational institutes and students regarding the advancement of internship programs to improve personal skills, professional growth, leadership skills and work-related experience of the Pakistani students.
This section deals with the explanation of the theoretical framework, review of the prior literature and conceptual framework of the study. Social learning theory is related to this study priorly developed by Bandura [ 4 ] and extended by Lave and Wenger [ 39 ].
Social learning theory is a cognitive process that is set on the notion of changes in beliefs, concepts and knowledge and improves professional and personal learning process through participation in real work environment. The motive of the present study is to evaluate the impact of internship programs on the professional and personal growth of the business students of Pakistan.
Work-related learning and practical training in the form of internship programs are vital for business students for their personal and professional development and to build their strong connections with the leading business organizations. However, most of the research works until recently have focused on the advancement of students knowledge and advantages of an internship program after its completion [ 57 ].
There is limited amount of research work on how internship programs assist in professional and personal growth and skills of business students especially in underdeveloped countries like Pakistan. Much attention is paid on knowledge of facts in formal educational classes. If a student works hard, pays attention in class and learns the classroom material by heart, he will definitely pass the examinations [ 3 ]. In formal classes, the major focus is on what students know, but in an internship program, the major focus is on what students do.
Ronnestad and Skovholts [ 53 ], pp. Raskin [ 51 ], p. Students and academic faculty members pay very little attention on gaining full benefit from internship opportunities. Sometimes, students just observe the internship work environment without applying their classroom knowledge to the situations they encounter there, and sometimes, educational advisors or faculty members do not properly guide their students to get full advantage from the internship opportunities [ 21 ].
Harrison and Kennedy [ 27 ] believed that an internship program can be made successful for students through proper recognition of internship plans and relevant industry participants, picking out motivational student interns, internship program evaluation, monitoring and feedback.
They also identified that educational institutes and academic advisors should play a vital role in the implementation of an internship program. Many previous studies have proved that internship programs improve the academic and professional performance of the business students who follow an internship program during or after the completion of their institutional degree [ 17 , 36 , 58 ]. Internship programs provide the opportunity to the business students to gain fruitful experience by implementing their classroom concepts in the real work settings [ 8 , 26 , 45 ].
Internship experience then has an impact on the professional growth and success of business students and helps them to receive good financial earnings in their first job [ 13 , 24 , 37 ]. Students also learn required skills acquired for their professional success [ 6 , 38 ]. Moreover, internship helps business students to develop good personal qualities and working habits as well as appreciable confidence level [ 1 , 24 , 41 , 55 , 60 ].
Internship opportunities make the students able to receive high-quality job offers sooner [ 38 , 43 , 54 ]. They help them to directly interact with corporate professionals and thus build a strong network for their first job [ 24 , 56 ].
But different studies have shown that to achieve all the above-mentioned advantages related to internship, appropriate feedback is needed from both the corporate supervisor and the institutional supervisor of the student.
Corporates usually favor the job applicants with work experience and practical knowledge. Therefore, they sometimes have an eye on their interns to select them as their future employees [ 5 , 7 , 14 , 24 , 43 ].
In this way, companies also save their hiring and training costs [ 5 ]. Interns provide part-time help and innovative ideas and exchange other knowledge with the business firms [ 5 , 61 , 64 ].
On the other hand, the major disadvantages of internships for the organizations are that they have to provide guidance, extensive support, training and feedback to the interns at every stage in order to make them productive for the organizations [ 10 ]. Furthermore, internship programs help educational institutions to get reputation by strengthening their bonds with business world, availability of research grants, receive positive feedback from corporates on their curriculum and increase job opportunities for their students [ 5 , 14 , 24 , 42 , 43 , 64 ].
Although the existing literature provides a good overview of the benefits of internship programs for the business students, there is a lack of such empirical research in the context of underdeveloped countries like Pakistan.
This study will give the overview of internship pros to the business students of Pakistan. This section of the study elaborates methods of data collection, population and sampling procedures, analysis of data and the research design. The data were collected in May and June In total, questionnaires were distributed comprising of Part I: Demographic information, Part II: Reasons for participation in internship, Part III—Part VI: Assessment of information regarding professional and personal growth and skills improvement with 35 close-ended questions.
The questionnaires were distributed and collected both physically and electronically. The fourth-year business students of Pakistani universities were considered as the population of the study.
As a large number of students pass out 90, business students as per current report of Higher Education Commission of Pakistan , sample of the study consisted of business students from 15 Pakistani universities. This study is a quantitative research, but in order to better comprehend strengths and weaknesses of internship programs in Pakistan, some qualitative research elements were also utilized.
The study employed both descriptive and statistical analyses to evaluate the impact of internship programs on the professional and personal growth and skills of Pakistani business students. Descriptive technique of the study consisted of percentage and frequency analysis of demographic characteristics of the participants and central tendency measurement of their responses, whereas statistical technique comprised of scale analysis including normality and reliability tests.
Structured questionnaire technique was used, comprising of six parts, i. Each variable of the questionnaire was assessed using 5-point Likert scale, where 1 is strongly disagree, 2 is disagree, 3 is neutral, 4 is agree and 5 is strongly agree. This section consists of empirical findings and their estimations. This section is divided into two parts, i. This section highlights the demographic characteristics of the respondents and central tendency measurement of their responses.
This section of the study elaborates the findings of two parts of the questionnaire, i. Com Hons students.
These results depict that 10 1. These results show central tendencies of the responses for all the items of Part III to Part VI of the questionnaire by participants of the study. The highest mean and highest standard deviation SD for professional development PD are 3. The lowest mean and lowest SD for PD are 2.
How to develop the 8 key skills you need to work in Education
There are a lot of different roles in education, requiring different skills. Here we look at why you should consider a career in teaching and the skills you need to be a teacher, trainer or tutor. A huge part of teaching is communicating information. It might be verbal, written, or via any other route from practical demonstrations to artistic interpretation — whatever gets your point across. People learn at all different rates.
Writing the Cover Letter
Welcome to Clarke University! Together, we will cultivate new ways of delivering the Clarke experience supporting each other and our community. We stand as One Clarke, One Community.
An internship can provide a student with paid professional work experience in a safe and structured environment with help from experts. Typically an intern will be assigned a worksite mentor and school based internship coordinator. The worksite mentor will help train a student and advise him or her on how to navigate a particular worksite culture and interact with other workers. The school internship coordinator helps the mentor and student build a strong relationship that will help the intern have positive outcomes from their internship experience. The internship coordinator can also help the student learn how to manage their expectations and implement successful work habits.
When you are on the lookout for a foot in the door to your first full-time job, a position as an Intern is a good place to start. The more internships you can get, the more attractive your resume will be for potential employers. However, with so much competition out there it is necessary to produce a killer resume to potential employers. Start by checking out our top-notch Intern resume sample. You want to make sure your resume stands out from the rest by being both informative and entertaining to read without overwhelming the recruiter or hiring manager with irrelevant information.
Training experiences in higher education are essential to professional development. This qualitative study investigated how internship experiences contribute to career adaptability development and to the transition between the roles of student and professional among senior university students. Six Civil Engineering senior students, aged between 22 and 29 years, were individually interviewed following a semi-structured interview protocol.
How to Write an Internship Report (With Examples)
Skip to content. Your cover letter also serves as a sample of your organizational and communication skills. For this reason, it's essential to spend time writing and organizing the content, and to proofread it carefully. Finally, your cover letter expresses your interest in the particular position or particular organization. Cover letters should be individually tailored for each job prospect. Your letter should convey to each prospective employer that you have an understanding of the job, and that you've done some thinking about how you could fit in to the organization and contribute to its goals.
Metrics details. This study aims to evaluate the impact of internship programs on the professional as well as on personal development and skills of business students in Pakistan. The data of the study consisted of undergraduating business students of 4-year degree programs from 15 universities of Pakistan. The study used structured questionnaire 35 close-ended questions assessed using 5-point Likert scale comprised of six parts: Part I: Demographic information, Part II: Reasons for participation in internship, and Part III to VI: Assessment of information related to professional and personal growth and skills. The study employed descriptive analysis to evaluate demographic information and central tendencies of the responses.
The average job seeker applies to 74 jobs before landing a new one. Looking for your first job or internship while you're a college student is analogous to the old "chicken or the egg" problem. Companies seem to demand that candidates for entry level roles have experience but how do you get that experience if you don't have experience? Luckily, as a college student, you are in a great position to get that first break you need. Getting the first job or internship of your career can be the most challenging. After that, you'll have the experience employers are looking for.