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- Guns, Germs, and Steel PDF Summary
- Human History as a Natural [email protected]@@Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies
- GUNS, GERMS AND STEEL: THE FATES OF HUMAN SOCIETIES, Jared Diamond
Created by the original team behind SparkNotes, LitCharts are the world's best literature guides. So romantic. To propose to his girlfriend, he played a piece by the classical composer Johannes Brahms. Needless to say, she said yes. Renaissance man.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution. Rent this article via DeepDyve. Andreasen, N. Intelligence and brain structure in normal individuals. American Journal of Psychiatry, , —
Human history as a natural science. Robert Costanza , Portland State University. Jared Diamond. Norton, New York, This is the publisher's final PDF. Article is made available in accordance with the publisher's policy and may be subject to US copyright law.
Guns, Germs, and Steel PDF Summary
In Guns, Germs, and Steel , Jared Diamond outlines the theory of geographic determinism, the idea that the differences between societies and societal development arise primarily from geographical causes. The book is framed as a response to a question that Diamond heard from Yali , a charismatic New Guinean politician. In Part One of the book, Diamond sketches out the course of recent human history, emphasizing the differences between civilizations. Beginning about half a million years ago, the first human beings emerged in Africa, and eventually migrated around the rest of the world in search of game and other sources of food. About 11, years ago, certain human beings developed agriculture—a major milestone in human history. By the 15th century A. For example, when Francisco Pizarro led a Spanish expedition to the Inca Empire in the early 16th century, he was able to defeat the Incan Emperor, Atahuallpa , easily.
Human History as a Natural [email protected]@@Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies
The book attempts to explain why Eurasian and North African civilizations have survived and conquered others, while arguing against the idea that Eurasian hegemony is due to any form of Eurasian intellectual , moral , or inherent genetic superiority. Diamond argues that the gaps in power and technology between human societies originate primarily in environmental differences, which are amplified by various positive feedback loops. When cultural or genetic differences have favored Eurasians for example, written language or the development among Eurasians of resistance to endemic diseases , he asserts that these advantages occurred because of the influence of geography on societies and cultures for example, by facilitating commerce and trade between different cultures and were not inherent in the Eurasian genomes. The prologue opens with an account of Diamond's conversation with Yali , a New Guinean politician. The conversation turned to the obvious differences in power and technology between Yali's people and the Europeans who dominated the land for years, differences that neither of them considered due to any genetic superiority of Europeans.
Atenea Concepc. ISSN What are the factors for the differing development rates of the world's societies since the Neolithic revolution? Many argue for biological, "racial" differences while others stress cultural differences or historical contingency as leading causes for the uneven development of human history. In this article we engage with the argument presented by Jared Diamond in Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies , where he convincingly argues for ecological and geographical differences between the continents as the fundamental causes.
Voiceover: Modern history has been shaped by conquest — the conquest of the world by Europeans. The Conquistadors led the way. A few hundred men came to the New World and decimated the native population. The secret of their success?
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GUNS, GERMS AND STEEL: THE FATES OF HUMAN SOCIETIES, Jared Diamond
Start growing! Boost your life and career with the best book summaries. A professor of geography at UCLA, he is one of the most influential public intellectuals in the world. For example, why almost all of the hunter-gatherer societies disappeared even though the ones we could study until recently seemed non-violent, lawful in the absence of laws, egalitarian, and, for all intents and purposes, more content than us? Why did practically every technological innovation you can think of was made either by a European or a Chinese for millennia? Even more controversially: why did the white people enslave the African-Americans and not the other way around?
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Глядя на оживающий монитор, он подумал, известно ли Стратмору, что в лаборатории систем безопасности нет ни души. Подходя к шифровалке, он успел заметить, что шторы кабинета шефа задернуты. Это означало, что тот находится на рабочем месте. Несмотря на субботу, в этом не было ничего необычного; Стратмор, который просил шифровальщиков отдыхать по субботам, сам работал, кажется, 365 дней в году. В одном Чатрукьян был абсолютно уверен: если шеф узнает, что в лаборатории систем безопасности никого нет, это будет стоить молодому сотруднику места.