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Interviewers asked questions from Java and Selenium.
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Test automation plays a very important role in the entire software lifecycle. Most of the time when we want to prepare for an automation testing interview, we only focus on tool-specific questions. We all know that software testing is a very important part of software development. But, with the rapidly growing software development methodologies and environments, it becomes difficult to manually test everything for an application within a limited time along with cost constraints.
Thus, Automation testing is rapidly growing in the market to speed up to the development pace. This tutorial includes top interview questions on Automation testing. We have covered basic test automation questions as well as some advanced questions for intermediate to expert level candidates of up to 2 to 5 years experience.
Answer: The process of using special software tools or scripts to perform testing tasks such as entering data, executing the test steps and comparing the results, etc. In this case, we end up running the regression test case multiple times. For Example: After each change request or bug fix, after each iteration in case of incremental development approach, etc.
For Example, Load testing or performance testing, etc are very difficult for humans to track and analyze. Automating the test cases in the above scenarios helps in achieving the speed of testing and minimizing human errors. Q 5 How do you identify the test cases which are suitable for automation?
Answer: Identifying the appropriate test cases for automation is the most important step towards automation. Automating these cases which are not executed that often will not add value to the automated suite. Q 7 How to decide the tool that one should use for Automation testing in their projects?
Select the tools within your budget. Q 8 Currently I do not have any automation in place in my project, but now I want to implement automation, what would be my steps?
Q 9 How do you decide which tool you have to use? Answer: Concluding which tool is best suitable for the project requires a lot of brainstorming and discussions. Q 10 Once you identify the tool what would be your next steps? Answer: Once we finalize the tool, our next step would be to design the framework. Answer: A framework is a set of the structure of the entire automation suite. It is also a guideline, which if followed can result in a structure that is easy to maintain and enhance.
Q 12 What are the attributes of a good framework? Answer: Frameworks are guidelines and not mandatory rules, so we can do without a framework, but if we create it and follow it, enhancing and maintaining would be easy to implement. Q 14 What are the different types of the Automation tool that you are aware of? Q 15 What generally is the structure of a framework?
Answer: Normally the structure should have — It would differ from project to project. Q 16 Where will you maintain information like URL, login, password? Q 17 Why do you want to keep this kind of information in a separate file and not directly in the code? Answer: URL, Login, and passwords are the kind of fields that are used very often and these change as per the environment and authorization.
In case we hardcode it into our code, we have to change it in every file which has its reference. In case if there are more than files, then it becomes very difficult to change all the files and this, in turn, can lead to errors. So this kind of information is maintained in a separate file so that updating becomes easy.
Q 18 What are the different types of frameworks? Q 19 Can you tell some good coding practices while automation? Q 20 Any kind of test which you think should not be automated? Q 21 Do you think that testing can be done only at the UI level?
Answer: Today as we are moving to the Agile mode, testing is not limited to the UI layer. Early feedback is imperial for an agile project. If we concentrate only on the UI layer, we are actually waiting until the UI is developed and available to test. Rather we can test even before the UI is actually developed. In this way, we are giving the feedback much early and are testing even before the UI is developed. Following this approach will help us to test only the GUI aspect of small cosmetic changes or some validations on the UI and will help the developers by giving more time to fix the bugs.
Q 22 How do you select which automation tool is best suited for you? Q 23 What do you think holds the testers back to do automation? Is there a way to overcome it? Since testers do not code, adapting to coding is a bit challenging for testers. You can save these automation testing interview questions as a pdf and print for further reading.
Q 24 What is an Automation testing framework? A set of guidelines, assumptions, concepts and coding practices for creating an execution environment in which the tests will be automated, is known as an Automation testing framework. An automation testing framework is responsible for creating a test harness with a mechanism to connect with the application under test, take input from a file, execute the test cases and generate the reports for test execution.
An automation testing framework should be independent of the application and it should be easy to use, modify or extend. Q 25 What are the important modules of an automation testing framework? Answer: Important modules of an Automation testing framework are:. Q 26 Explain some Automation testing tools. Answer: Some of the famous Automation testing tools are explained below:. It supports multiple browsers and is OS independent. Selenium is an open-source set of libraries which can be used to develop additional test frameworks or test scripts for testing web-based applications.
It provides a wide range of features like APIs, web services, etc and also supports multiple platforms like desktops, web, and mobile. UFT scripts are written in visual basic scripting language. It is used to automate testing on cross-platform, native, hybrid and web-based mobile applications.
Appium automates any mobile application from any language with full access to APIs and DBs from the test code. It is used for web-based application automation testing and supports languages like ruby, java, scala, groovy, etc.
Cucumber reads executable specification written in plain text and tests the application under test for those specifications.
For cucumber to understand the scenarios in plain text, we have to follow some basic syntax rules which are known as Gherkin. It provides flexibility to record a test case on one browser and run it on multiple browsers and thus supports cross browsers testing.
TestComplete has inbuilt object recognition algorithm which uniquely identifies an object and stores it in the repository. Q 27 What are the different types of testing framework techniques?
Answer: There are four types of automation testing framework techniques. This framework is built on the concept of abstraction. In this framework, the tester creates scripts for each module of the application under test individually and then these scripts are combined in the hierarchical order to create large test cases. It creates an abstraction layer between the modules, thus any modifications in test scripts for one module do not affect any other modules.
In the Data-driven testing framework, the input data and the expected output data corresponding to the input data is stored in a file or database and the automated script runs the same set of test steps for multiple sets of data.
With this framework, we can run multiple test cases where only the input data differs and the steps of execution are the same. It is an application-independent testing framework that uses data tables and self-explanatory keywords.
Keywords explain the actions to be performed on the application under test and the data table provides the input and expected output data. This framework is a combination of all the above-mentioned testing frameworks Modular, Data-driven, and Keyword-driven.
In this framework, the test cases are developed from modular scripts by combining them in the modular testing framework.
Each of the test cases uses a driver script that uses a data file as in the data-driven framework and a keyword-based action file. Q 28 When do you prefer Manual testing over Automation testing? Answer: We prefer manual testing over automation testing in the following cases:. Q 29 Is Automation testing in agile Methodology useful or not?
All these types of testing in the traditional waterfall model happen at the end of the cycle and sometimes if there are not many enhancements to the application, we might not even have to do regression testing. Whereas, in agile methodology , every iteration requires executing the regression test case as some new functionalities is added.
Also, the regression suite itself keeps growing after each sprint as the functional test cases of the current sprint module need to be added to the regression suite for the next sprint. Thus, Automation testing in agile methodology is very useful and helps in achieving maximum test coverage in less time of the sprint. Q 30 List some advantages and disadvantages of Automation testing. Q 31 List some advantages and disadvantages of Manual testing. Q 32 Can we do Automation testing without a framework?
If yes, then why do we need a framework? Answer: Yes, We can perform automation testing even without using a framework. We can just understand the tool that we are using for automation and program the steps in the programming language that tools support. A framework is required to give a set of guidelines that everyone has to follow to have maintained readability, reusability, and consistency in the test scripts.
A framework also provides one common ground for reporting and logging functionality. Answer: Assuming that the automation tool and framework is already in place of the test environment.
Q 34 Is Automation testing a Black box testing or White-box testing? Answer: Automation testing is mostly a black box testing as we just program the steps that a manual tester performs for application under test without knowing the low-level design or code of the application.
Top 50 Software Testing Interview Questions To Know In 2021
Every aspiring tester, especially one aiming to work with web-based applications, must have good knowledge about Selenium. This is because whenever applying for some job opportunity regarding web-based testing these days, expect Selenium-based questions coming your way. Written completely in Java, Selenium is one of the most widely used automation testing tools. It is easy to use, simple and provides support for writing test scripts in a wide variety of programming languages , including C , Groovy, Java, Perl, and Python. Here, we have collected the top Selenium interview questions that will help you append your extant Selenium knowledge as well as check how well you fare against an array of Selenium interview questions thrown right at you. Instead, it is a package of several tools, and thus a testing suite. The Selenium suite has the following components:.
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CTS Cognizant Interview Questions For Testers
Coded UI is similar to these tools and can be particularly useful for functional tests. Selenium vs. These tests involve functional testing of the UI controls. It checks the functionality of the whole application including the user interface.
Although both variables are uninitialized, String is a reference type and DateTime is a value type. Is the comparison of time and null in the if statement below valid or not? Why or why not?
39 TOP Automation Testing Interview Questions and Answers
Test automation plays a very important role in the entire software lifecycle. Most of the time when we want to prepare for an automation testing interview, we only focus on tool-specific questions. We all know that software testing is a very important part of software development.
IT is working But there are few Questions which are not answered. What is Automation Testing?
Coded UI Automation Testing Interview Questions. 1. What is wrt Coded UI. 5. How many types of programming approaches available in coded UI? 6. Could you please provide the answers to these questions Reply.
In automation testing, mostly the below conditioned test cases can only be automated:. Browser launch, login functionality will be scripted in Test Initialize. Closing the browser, clearing cache, clearing cookies and log out functionality will be scripted in Test Clean Up. Question Move the control on to ui element using Keyboard. Below the sample code. Assertions is same as validations which helps to verify if the actual output is same as expected output.
Test automation plays a very important role in the entire software lifecycle. Most of the time when we want to prepare for an automation testing interview, we only focus on tool-specific questions. We all know that software testing is a very important part of software development. But, with the rapidly growing software development methodologies and environments, it becomes difficult to manually test everything for an application within a limited time along with cost constraints. Thus, Automation testing is rapidly growing in the market to speed up to the development pace. This tutorial includes top interview questions on Automation testing. We have covered basic test automation questions as well as some advanced questions for intermediate to expert level candidates of up to 2 to 5 years experience.