File Name: difference between norm referenced and criterion referenced test .zip
A criterion-referenced test is a style of test which uses test scores to generate a statement about the behavior that can be expected of a person with that score. Most tests and quizzes that are written by school teachers can be considered criterion-referenced tests. In this case, the objective is simply to see whether the student has learned the material. Criterion-referenced assessment can be contrasted with norm-referenced assessment and ipsative assessment. Criterion-referenced testing was a major focus of psychometric research in the s. A common misunderstanding regarding the term is the meaning of criterion. Many, if not most, criterion-referenced tests involve a cutscore , where the examinee passes if their score exceeds the cutscore and fails if it does not often called a mastery test.
Source: Huitt, W. Measurement and evaluation: Criterion- versus norm-referenced testing. Educational Psychology Interactive. Many educators and members of the public fail to grasp the distinctions between criterion-referenced and norm-referenced testing. It is common to hear the two types of testing referred to as if they serve the same purposes, or shared the same characteristics. Much confusion can be eliminated if the basic differences are understood. The following is adapted from: Popham, J.
What are the Differences Between the Norm-Referenced and Criterion-. Referenced Families of Tests? Norm-referenced tests (NRTs, sometimes referred to as.
Norm-referenced refers to standardized tests that are designed to compare and rank test takers in relation to one another. Norm-referenced tests report whether test takers performed better or worse than a hypothetical average student, which is determined by comparing scores against the performance results of a statistically selected group of test takers, typically of the same age or grade level, who have already taken the exam. Test developers use a variety of statistical methods to select norming groups, interpret raw scores, and determine performance levels. Norm-referenced scores are generally reported as a percentage or percentile ranking. For example, a student who scores in the seventieth percentile performed as well or better than seventy percent of other test takers of the same age or grade level, and thirty percent of students performed better as determined by norming-group scores.
Click to see full answer. Subsequently, one may also ask, what is the difference between norm referenced and criterion referenced tests? Norm referenced tests may measure the acquisition of skills and knowledge from multiple sources such as notes, texts and syllabi.
Pros and Cons
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