Cholera Causes Symptoms Treatment And Prevention Pdf

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Context: Cholera is an intestinal infection caused by Vibrio cholera and transmitted by the fecal-oral route. The source of V.

Cholera , an acute infection of the small intestine caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae and characterized by extreme diarrhea with rapid and severe depletion of body fluids and salts. Cholera has often risen to epidemic proportions in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia , particularly in India and Bangladesh. In the past two centuries, seven pandemics global epidemics of cholera have carried the disease to countries around the world.

Causes and Symptoms of Cholera

Cholera is an infection of the small intestine by some strains of the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. Cholera is caused by a number of types of Vibrio cholerae , with some types producing more severe disease than others. Prevention methods against cholera include improved sanitation and access to clean water. The primary symptoms of cholera are profuse diarrhea and vomiting of clear fluid. Fever is rare and should raise suspicion for secondary infection. Patients can be lethargic and might have sunken eyes, dry mouth, cold clammy skin, or wrinkled hands and feet.

NCBI Bookshelf. Matthew Fanous ; Kevin C. Authors Matthew Fanous ; Kevin C. King 1. Cholera is an acute secretory diarrheal illness caused by the bacteria Vibrio cholerae.

Everything you need to know about cholera

Cholera is an acute, diarrheal illness caused by infection of the intestine with the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. The infection is often mild or without symptoms, but sometimes it can be severe. Cholera has been very rare in industrialized nations for the last years; however, the disease is still common today in other parts of the world, including the Indian subcontinent and sub-Saharan Africa. Although cholera can be life-threatening, it is easily prevented and treated. In the United States, because of advanced water and sanitation systems, cholera is not a major threat; however, everyone, especially travelers, should be aware of how the disease is transmitted and what can be done to prevent it. A person may get cholera by drinking water or eating food contaminated with the cholera bacterium.

Cholera is an acute epidemic infectious disease. It is characterized by watery diarrhea, extreme loss of fluid and electrolytes, and severe dehydration. It can be fatal. Despite being easy to treat, cholera is estimated to affect between 3 and 5 million people each year, and it causes over , deaths worldwide. Due to severe dehydration , fatality rates are high when untreated, especially among children and infants. Death can occur in otherwise healthy adults within hours. Those who recover usually have long-term immunity against re-infection.

Diagnosis, Clinical Management, Prevention, and Control of Cholera; A Review Study

Cholera is a bacterial disease usually spread through contaminated water. Cholera causes severe diarrhea and dehydration. Left untreated, cholera can be fatal within hours, even in previously healthy people.

Cholera is a bacterial infection of the small bowel that can cause severe diarrhea and dehydration. There have been seven great pandemics worldwide epidemics of cholera in history. The seventh began in , when cholera re-emerged in Indonesia and swept across most of the world, and it still lingers today. Researchers estimate that each year there are 3 million cases of cholera worldwide, with approximately , deaths annually.

Zimbabwe offers the most recent example of the tragedy that befalls a country and its people when cholera strikes. The — outbreak rapidly spread across every province and brought rates of mortality similar to those witnessed as a consequence of cholera infections a hundred years ago. In this Review we highlight the advances that will help to unravel how interactions between the host, the bacterial pathogen and the lytic bacteriophage might propel and quench cholera outbreaks in endemic settings and in emergent epidemic regions such as Zimbabwe.

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Cholera is an infectious disease that causes severe watery diarrhea, which can lead to dehydration and even death if untreated. It is caused by eating food or drinking water contaminated with a bacterium called Vibrio cholerae.


Cholera transmission: the host, pathogen and bacteriophage dynamic
4 Response
  1. Dominique M.

    Cholera is a serious bacterial disease that usually causes severe diarrhea and dehydration.

  2. Drew Z.

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